Salsa, as a musical form, was the result of the evolution and fusion of the Cuban son montuno, rumba,bomba, and plena, as well as some of the harmonics of the American Black tradition, which include jazz, rhythm and blues, funk and soul. The protagonists of this movement were primarily Puerto Rican musicians who knew how to articulate new patterns and progressive rhythmic changes. The result was a fresh sound that defined its people. They made that sound from Puerto Rico and from the poor neighborhoods of New York, with a new song and a new cadence and accent that made it dance music. The basis of its forms and styles was the popular Afro-Caribbean tradition, but with a new swing. That is why it has become one of the forms of musical expression that best define Caribbean identity in the 20th century.
Click the picture above to listen to a classic in salsa music.
Pastelón is a classic Puerto Rican dish made with layers of thinly-sliced plantains, ground beef, and cheese! Think of it as a Puerto Rican version of lasagna. It's the perfect casserole to make for a potluck or family gathering.
Recipe by Marta Rivera
- Prep time: 30 minutes
- Cook time: 30 minutes
- Yield: 6 to 8 servings
- 4 ripe plantains, about 3 to 3 1/4 pounds
- 1/2 cup vegetable oil
- 1 pound ground beef (preferably ground round) or ground turkey
- 1 teaspoon adobo seasoning blend
- 1 package sazón flavoring blend, optional
- 1 small white onion, minced (about 1 cup)
- 1 green bell pepper, minced (about 1 cup)
- 1 tablespoon recaito flavoring base, or 2 tablespoons chopped cilantro
- 6 pimento-stuffed green olives, sliced
- 1 teaspoon capers
- 1 teaspoon dried oregano
- 1 cup tomato sauce
- 2 cups Monterey jack, cheddar, or mozzarella cheese, divided
- 2 large eggs
- 1/2 teaspoon baking soda
1 Preheat the oven to 350°F. Lightly grease a 10x10 casserole dish (for a thicker pastelón) or 9x13 casserole dish (for a thinner pastelón) with nonstick cooking spray or butter.
2 Prepare the plantains: Cut off both ends from the plantain, then use the tip of your knife to cut a slit down the back. Using your two thumbs, remove the peel from the plantain and discard the peel.
Once you’ve peeled all the plantains, slice each one in half down the length. Separate the two halves and flip them onto their flat sides to create a stable base. Place your palm flat on top of the plantain, and use a sharp knife to slice parallel to the cutting board and cut the plantains into very thin slices (about 1/4-inch thick). Set aside.
(Alternatively, you can use a mandoline to slice the plantains thinly, but be careful because the plantains are soft and the mandoline is sharp!)
3 Fry the plantains: In a large skillet, heat the vegetable oil to 300°F over medium heat (check the temperature with a candy thermometer or instant-read thermometer). Line a plate with paper towels to drain the plantains after frying, and set next to the stove.
Place four or five slices of plantains into the oil and fry for about 1 1/2 minutes on each side, or until the plantains have a browned slightly. Remove from the skillet to the paper-lined plate to drain. Continue frying the remaining plantains.
4 Cook the beef: Drain all but 1 tablespoon of oil from the pan you used to fry the plantains. Return the pan to the stove and heat over medium-high heat. Add the ground beef and season with the adobo and sazón.
Continue to cook the meat, breaking it up into crumbles, for 6 minutes or until browned. Drain the meat by pouring it into a colander, but leave a bit of the grease in the pan to cook the vegetables.
5 Cook the vegetables: Return the empty pan to the heat and cook the onions, bell pepper, and recaito for 3 minutes or until glossy. Add the olives, capers, and dried oregano, and cook for 2 more minutes.
6 Finish the filling: Return the ground beef to the pan with the vegetables, along with the tomato sauce, and then stir to combine. Bring the mixture to a simmer, then remove the pan from the heat.
7 Assemble the pastelón: Cover the bottom of the casserole dish with a single layer of the fried plantain strips. Spoon a 1-inch layer of the ground beef mixture onto the plantains. Top with 1/2 cup of shredded cheese. Repeat with another layer of plantains, meat, and cheese (reserve the remaining 1 cup of cheese). Top with a final layer of plantains.
8 Add the egg layer: In a small bowl, whisk together the eggs and baking soda until frothy. Pour this mixture over the plantains.
9 Bake the pastelón, uncovered, for 25 minutes. Remove from the oven and top with the remaining cup of cheese. Return the dish to the oven and cook for an additional five minutes, until the cheese has melted.
10 Cool and serve: Remove the pastelón from the oven. Allow it to cool for at least fifteen minutes before slicing and serving, which helps it maintain its shape when sliced.
Leftovers can be stored, covered, in the refrigerator for up to three days. To reheat, cut a portion and place either in the microwave or the oven until warmed through.